Jazz Night In America
See media help.In 1919, Kid Ory’s Original Creole Jazz Band of musicians from New Orleans began playing in San Francisco and Los Angeles, where in 1922 they became the first black jazz band of New Orleans origin to make recordings. In Ohio and elsewhere in the mid-west the major influence was ragtime, until about 1919. Around 1912, when the four-string banjo and saxophone came in, musicians began to improvise the melody line, but the harmony and rhythm remained unchanged. A contemporary account states that blues could only be heard in jazz in the gut-bucket cabarets, which were generally looked down upon by the Black middle-class. The Original Dixieland Jass Band made the music’s first recordings early in 1917, and their “Livery Stable Blues” became the earliest released jazz record.
Brazilian jazz, such as bossa nova, is derived from samba, with influences from jazz and other 20th-century classical and popular music styles. Bossa is generally moderately paced, with melodies sung in Portuguese or English, whilst the related jazz-samba is an adaptation of street samba into jazz. Since the 1960s, creative centers of jazz in Europe have developed, such as the creative jazz scene in Amsterdam. British writer Stuart Nicholson has argued European contemporary jazz has an identity different from American jazz and follows a different trajectory. Gillespie’s collaboration with Pozo brought specific African-based rhythms into bebop. While pushing the boundaries of harmonic improvisation, cu-bop also drew from African rhythm.
Louis Armstrong’s bold, operatic trumpet sound made him jazz’s first major improvising soloist, and his recordings with his Hot Five and Hot Seven are perhaps the pinnacle of jazz in the ‘20s. They would be backed by a rhythm section of banjo or piano, double bass or tuba and drums. This familiar song wraps up the playlist, which was later made more popular by the London jazz-rap group Us3, from the album The Definitive Herbie Hancock. A jazz legend in his own right, this pianist once toured with Art Blakey’s Jazz Messengers and taught at prestigious Berklee College of Music. He continues to perform all over the world and now teaches aspiring musicians at the University of Tennessee.
Whiteman’s success caused blacks to follow suit, including Earl Hines , Duke Ellington , Lionel Hampton, Fletcher Henderson, Claude Hopkins, and Don Redman, with Henderson and Redman developing the “talking to one another” formula for “hot” swing music. It is characterized by melisma, wavy intonation, pitch instabilities within a pentatonic framework, and a declamatory voice. Comparing the music of New Orleans with the music of Cuba, Wynton Marsalis observes that tresillo is the New Orleans “clavé”, a Spanish word meaning “code” or “key”, as in the key to a puzzle, or mystery.
Students can attend a wide variety of performances both on-campus and off, and networking with a community of professional musicians provides opportunities in both performance and recording. March 25, 2021 • Jazz Night in America profiles multi-dimensional pianist and composer Myra Melford, who takes us on a musical journey across the spectrum, from the avant-garde to the blues. There’s no better place to hear jazz than in the city that first gave rise to it. Take in traditional New Orleans jazz in the French Quarterand onFrenchmen Street!